Opinions from 2011

Judulang v. Holder
Docket Number: 10-694
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 12, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/565/10-694/

Justia Opinion Summary: This case concerned the BIA's policy for deciding when resident aliens could apply to the Attorney General for relief from deportation under a now-repealed provision of the immigration law. The Court held that the BIA's...

Hardy v. Cross
Docket Number: 11-74
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: December 12, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/565/11-74/

Greene v. Fisher
Docket Number: 10-637
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 8, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/565/10-637/

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant filed a federal habeas corpus petition in district court, alleging, inter alia, that the introduction of his nontestifying codefendants' statements violated the Confrontation Clause. At issue was whether "clear...

KPMG LLP v. Cocchi
Docket Number: 10-1521
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 7, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/565/10-1521/

Bobby v. Dixon
Docket Number: 10-1540
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: November 7, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/565/10-1540/

Cavazos v. Smith
Docket Number: 10-1115
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: October 31, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/565/10-1115/

Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Assn.
Docket Number: 08-1448
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/08-1448/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondents, representing the video game and software industries, filed a preenforcement challenge to California Assembly Bill 1179 (Act), Cal. Civ. Code Ann. 1746-1746.5, which restricted the sale or rental of violent v...

J. McIntyre Machinery, Ltd. v. Nicastro
Docket Number: 09-1343
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-1343/

Justia Opinion Summary: This case arose from a products-liability suit filed in New Jersey state court where Robert Nicastro seriously injured his hand while using a metal-shearing machine manufactured by defendant. The accident occurred in New...

Goodyear Dunlop Tires Operations, S. A. v. Brown
Docket Number: 10-76
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-76/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondents, North Carolina residents whose sons died in a bus accident outside Paris, France, filed a suit for wrongful death damages in North Carolina state court alleging that the accident was caused by tire failure....

Leal Garcia v. Texas
Docket Number: 11-5001
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 27, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/11-5001/

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner, a Mexican national, was convicted of murder and sentenced to death by a Texas court. Petitioner sought a stay of execution on the ground that his conviction was obtained in violation of the Vienna Convention...

Freeman v. United States
Docket Number: 09-10245
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-10245/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 ("Act"), 18 U.S.C. 3551 et seq., called for the creation of Sentencing Guidelines to inform judicial discretion in order to reduce unwarranted disparities in federal sentencing. The Act...

Bullcoming v. New Mexico
Docket Number: 09-10876
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-10876/

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner was arrested on charges of driving while intoxicated ("DWI") and the principal evidence against him was a forensic laboratory report certifying that his blood alcohol concentration was well above the threshold...

PLIVA, Inc. v. Mensing
Docket Number: 09-993
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-993/

Justia Opinion Summary: These consolidated lawsuits involved state tort law claims based on certain drug manufacturers' alleged failure to provide adequate warning labels for the generic drug metoclopramide. State tort law required a manufactur...

Stern v. Marshall
Docket Number: 10-179
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-179/

Justia Opinion Summary: This case stemmed from the long-running dispute between Vickie Lynn Marshall and E. Pierce Marshall over the fortune of J. Howard Marshall II, a man believed to have been one of the richest people in Texas. Vickie marrie...

Arizona Free Enterprise Club’s Freedom Club PAC v. Bennett
Docket Number: 10-238
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-238/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Arizona Citizens Clean Elections Act (matching funds provision), Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. 16-940 et seq., created a voluntary public financing system to fund the primary and general election campaigns of candidates for...

Sorrell v. IMS Health Inc.
Docket Number: 10-779
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-779/

Justia Opinion Summary: Vermont's Prescription Confidentiality Law, Vt. Stat. Ann., Tit. 18, 4631(d), restricted the sale, disclosure, and use of pharmacy records that revealed the prescribing practices of individual doctors. Respondents, Vermo...

Borough of Duryea v. Guarnieri
Docket Number: 09-1476
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-1476/

Justia Opinion Summary: This case concerned the extent of the protection, if any, that the Petition Clause granted public employees in routine disputes with government employers where petitioner filed a 42 U.S.C. 1983 suit after respondent's te...

Turner v. Rogers
Docket Number: 10-10
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-10/

Justia Opinion Summary: This case stemmed from petitioner's civil contempt proceedings where South Carolina's Family Court enforced child support orders against him. At issue was whether the Fourteenth Amendment's Due Process Clause required th...

American Elec. Power Co. v. Connecticut
Docket Number: 10-174
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-174/

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiffs, several states, the city of New York, and three private land trusts, sued defendants, four private power companies and the federal Tennessee Valley Authority, alleging that defendants' emissions substantially...

CSX Transp., Inc. v. McBride
Docket Number: 10-235
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-235/

Justia Opinion Summary: This case concerned the standard of causation applicable in cases arising under the Federal Employers' Liability Act ("FELA"), 45 U.S.C. 51 et seq., which rendered railroads liable for employees' injuries or deaths "resu...

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes
Docket Number: 10-277
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 20, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-277/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondents, current or former employees of petitioner Wal-Mart, sought judgment against the company for injunctive and declaratory relief, punitive damages, and backpay, on behalf of themselves and a nationwide class of...

J. D. B. v. North Carolina
Docket Number: 09-11121
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-11121/

Justia Opinion Summary: J.D.B., a thirteen-year-old seventh-grade student, was taken from his classroom to a closed-door conference room where uniformed police and school administrators questioned him for at least 30 minutes regarding two home...

Davis v. United States
Docket Number: 09-11328
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-11328/

Justia Opinion Summary: While conducting a routine vehicle stop, police arrested petitioner, a passenger of the vehicle, for giving a false name. After handcuffing him and securing the scene, the police searched the vehicle and found petitioner...

Bond v. United States
Docket Number: 09-1227
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-1227/

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner was indicted for violating 18 U.S.C. 229, which forbid knowing possession or use, for nonpeaceful purposes, of a chemical that "can cause death, temporary incapacitation or permanent harm to humans," and which...

Tapia v. United States
Docket Number: 10-5400
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 16, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-5400/

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner was convicted of, inter alia, smuggling unauthorized aliens into the United States. The District Court imposed a 51 month prison sentence, reasoning that petitioner should serve that long in order to qualify f...

Smith v. Bayer Corp.
Docket Number: 09-1205
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-1205/

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case, a Federal District Court enjoined a state court from considering a plaintiff's request to approve a class action. The District Court did so because it had earlier denied a motion to certify a class in a rel...

Janus Capital Group, Inc. v. First Derivative Traders
Docket Number: 09-525
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-525/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent, First Derivative Traders, representing a class of stockholders in petitioner Janus Capital Group, Inc. ("JCG"), filed a private action under the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") Rule 10b-5, alleging...

Flores-Villar v. United States
Docket Number: 09-5801
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-5801/

United States v. Jicarilla Apache Nation
Docket Number: 10-382
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 13, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-382/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Jicarilla Apache Nation's ("Tribe") reservation contained natural resources that were developed pursuant to statutes administered by the Interior Department and proceeds from these resources were held by the United S...

Sykes v. United States
Docket Number: 09-11311
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-11311/

Justia Opinion Summary: When petitioner pleaded guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm, he had prior convictions for at least three felonies, including the state-law crime of "using a vehicle" to "knowingly or intentionally" "flee f...

DePierre v. United States
Docket Number: 09-1533
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/09-1533/

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner was convicted for distribution of 50 grams or more of cocaine base under section 841(a)(1) and (b)(1)(A)(iii) of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 ("ADAA"), 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1) and (b)(1)(A)(iii), and sentenced...

Connick v. Thompson
Docket Number: 09-571
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-571/

Talk America, Inc. v. Michigan Bell Telephone Co.
Docket Number: 10-313
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-313/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Telecommunications Act of 1996, 110 Stat. 56, required incumbent local exchange carriers ("LECs"), providers of local telephone service, to share their physical networks with competitive LECs at cost-based rates. Thi...

Nevada Comm’n on Ethics v. Carrigan
Docket Number: 10-568
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 9, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/564/10-568/

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner administered and enforced Nevada's Ethics in Government Law, Nev. Rev. Stat. 281A.420, and investigated respondent, an elected official who voted to approve a hotel/casino project proposed by a company that us...

Matrixx Initiatives, Inc. v. Siracusano
Docket Number: 09-1156
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1156/

McNeill v. United States
Docket Number: 10-5258
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: June 6, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/10-5258/

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant pleaded guilty to unlawful possession of a firearm by a felon, 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(1), and possession with intent to distribute cocaine base, 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1). At sentencing, the district court determined that...

Board of Trustees of Leland Stanford Junior Univ. v. Roche Molecular Systems, Inc.
Docket Number: 09-1159
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 31, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1159/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Board of Trustees of Stanford University filed suit against Roche Molecular Systems ("Roche") claiming that their HIV test kits infringed upon Stanford's patents. The suit stemmed from Stanford's employment of a rese...

Fox v. Vice
Docket Number: 10-114
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 31, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/10-114/

Justia Opinion Summary: Claiming that he was subjected to dirty tricks during his successful campaign to become the police chief of Vinton, La., plaintiff filed a state court suit against the incumbent chief and the town (collectively, "defenda...

Erica P. John Fund, Inc. v. Halliburton Co.
Docket Number: 09-1403
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 26, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1403/

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner, the lead plaintiff in a putative securities fraud class action, filed suit against respondent alleging violations under section 10(b) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. 78a et seq., and Sec...

Ashcroft v. al-Kidd
Docket Number: 10-98
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 26, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/10-98/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent alleged that, after the September 11th terrorist attacks, then-Attorney General Ashcroft authorized federal officials to detain terrorism suspects using the federal material-witness statute, 18 U.S.C. 3144. Re...

Chamber of Commerce of United States of America v. Whiting
Docket Number: 09-115
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-115/

Justia Opinion Summary: The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America and various business and civil rights organizations (collectively, "Chamber") filed a federal preenforcement suit against those charged with administering the Legal...

United States v. Tinklenberg
Docket Number: 09-1498
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1498/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent's trial on federal drug and gun charges began 287 days after his arraignment. The Sixth Circuit agreed with the District Court that many of the 287 days were excludable under the lists of exclusions from the 7...

Brown v. Plata
Docket Number: 09-1233
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1233/

Justia Opinion Summary: The State appealed a three-judge district court order directing California to remedy two ongoing violations of the Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause, a guarantee binding on the States by the Due Process Clause of the...

Camreta v. Greene
Docket Number: 09-1454
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1454/

Justia Opinion Summary: Nearly a decade ago, petitioners, a state child protective services worker and a county deputy sheriff, interviewed then 9-year-old S.G. at her Oregon elementary school about allegations that her father had sexually abus...

Fowler v. United States
Docket Number: 10-5443
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 16, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/10-5443/

Justia Opinion Summary: While preparing to rob a bank, petitioner and others were discovered by a local police officer, whom petitioner killed. Petitioner was convicted of violating the federal witness tampering statute, 18 U.S.C. 1512(a)(1)(C)...

General Dynamics Corp. v. United States
Docket Number: 09-1298
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 2, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1298/

Justia Opinion Summary: After petitioners fell behind schedule in developing a stealth aircraft (A-12) for the Navy, the contracting officer terminated their $4.8 billion fixed-price contract for default and ordered petitioners to repay approxi...

CIGNA Corp. v. Amara
Docket Number: 09-804
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 2, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-804/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondents, on behalf of beneficiaries of the CIGNA Corporation's ("CIGNA") Pension Plan, challenged the new plan's adoption, claiming that CIGNA's notice of the changes was improper, particularly because the new plan i...

Bobby v. Mitts
Docket Number: 10-1000
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: May 2, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/10-1000/

Kentucky v. King
Docket Number: 09-1272
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 27, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1272/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent entered a conditional guilty plea to charges of trafficking in marijuana, first-degree trafficking in a controlled substance, and second-degree persistent felony offender status and appealed the denial of his...

Schindler Elevator Corp. v. United States ex rel. Kirk
Docket Number: 10-188
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 26, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/10-188/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent filed an action under the False Claims Act ("FCA"), 31 U.S.C. 3730(e)(4)(A), alleging that his former employer had submitted hundreds of false claims for payment under its federal contracts. At issue was wheth...

Cullen v. Pinholster
Docket Number: 09-1088
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 4, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1088/

United States v. Tohono O’odham Nation
Docket Number: 09-846
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 4, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-846/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondent filed suit in Federal District Court against federal officials who managed tribal assets held in trust by the Federal Government alleging violations of fiduciary duty and requesting equitable relief. The next...

AT&T Mobility LLC v. Concepcion
Docket Number: 09-893
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: April 4, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-893/

Justia Opinion Summary: Respondents filed a complaint against AT&T Mobility LLC ("AT&T"), which was later consolidated with a putative class action, alleging that AT&T had engaged in false advertising and fraud by charging sales tax on phones i...

Sossamon v. Texas
Docket Number: 08-1438
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/08-1438/

Tolentino v. New York
Docket Number: 09-11556
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 22, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-11556/

Astra USA, Inc. v. Santa Clara County
Docket Number: 09-1273
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/563/09-1273/

Felkner v. Jackson
Docket Number: 10-797
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 21, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/10-797/

Milner v. Department of Navy
Docket Number: 09-1163
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 7, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-1163/

Wall v. Kholi
Docket Number: 09-868
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 7, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-868/

Pepper v. United States
Docket Number: 09-6822
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 2, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-6822/

Skinner v. Switzer
Docket Number: 09-9000
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 2, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-9000/

Henderson v. Shinseki
Docket Number: 09-1036
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 1, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-1036/

Staub v. Proctor Hospital
Docket Number: 09-400
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 1, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-400/

Snyder v. Phelps
Docket Number: 09-751
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: March 1, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-751/

FCC v. AT&T Inc.
Docket Number: 09-1279
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 28, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-1279/

Michigan v. Bryant
Docket Number: 09-150
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-150/

Walker v. Martin
Docket Number: 09-996
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 23, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-996/

Williamson v. Mazda Motor of America, Inc.
Docket Number: 08-1314
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: February 22, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/08-1314/

Bruesewitz v. Wyeth LLC
Docket Number: 09-152
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 24, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-152/

Chase Bank USA, N. A. v. McCoy
Docket Number: 09-329
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 24, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-329/

Ortiz v. Jordan
Docket Number: 09-737
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 24, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-737/

Swarthout v. Cooke
Docket Number: 10-333
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 24, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/10-333/

Thompson v. North American Stainless, LP
Docket Number: 09-291
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 19, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-291/

Harrington v. Richter
Docket Number: 09-587
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 19, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-587/

Premo v. Moore
Docket Number: 09-658
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 19, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-658/

Ransom v. FIA Card Services, N. A.
Docket Number: 09-907
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 11, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-907/

NASA v. Nelson
Docket Number: 09-530
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 10, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/09-530/

Madison County v. Oneida Indian Nation of N. Y.
Docket Number: 10-72
Court: US Supreme Court
Date: January 10, 2011
http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/562/10-72/