Roberts v. Ryer - 91 U.S. 150 (1875)


U.S. Supreme Court

Roberts v. Ryer, 91 U.S. 150 (1875)

Roberts v. Ryer

91 U.S. 150

Syllabus

1. The doctrine announced in Smith v. Nichols, 21 Wall. 112, that

"a mere carrying forward or new or more extended application of the original thought, a change only in form, proportions, or degree, doing substantially the same thing in the same way, by substantially the same means, with better results,"

is not such an invention as will sustain a patent, reaffirmed.

Page 91 U. S. 151

2. It is no new invention to use an old machine for a new purpose. The inventor of a machine is entitled to the benefit of all the uses to which it can be put, no matter whether he had conceived the idea of the use or not.

The bill in this case was filed by the assignee of D. W. C. Sanford, alleging an infringement of a patent to Sanford for an improvement in refrigerators.

The principal defense relied upon was the prior invention of Lyman. The circuit court sustained this defense and dismissed the bill. From this decree the complainant appealed.



Official Supreme Court caselaw is only found in the print version of the United States Reports. Justia caselaw is provided for general informational purposes only, and may not reflect current legal developments, verdicts or settlements. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or information linked to from this site. Please check official sources.