Green v. Van Buskerk - 70 U.S. 448 (1865)
U.S. Supreme Court
Green v. Van Buskerk, 70 U.S. 3 Wall. 448 448 (1865)
Green v. Van Buskerk
70 U.S. (3 Wall.) 448
The ten days given by the 23d section of the Judiciary Act, to take a writ of error from this Court run from the day when judgment is entered in the court where the record remains, and when judgment is given in the highest court of a state on appeal or writ of error from an inferior one, and on affirmance the record is returned to such inferior court with order to enter judgment there, they run from the day when judgment is so there entered.
This was a motion made by Mr. A. J. Parker in behalf of Green, plaintiff in error, for a supersedeas to stay execution upon a judgment of the supreme court of the State of New York.
It appeared that a judgment was entered by the supreme court in favor of Van Buskerk, the defendant in error here, which was affirmed in the Court of Appeals, the highest court of law and equity of the state of New York, on the 22d of December, 1865. Upon this affirmance, the record was sent to the supreme court with an order directing that court to enter judgment accordingly.
In pursuance of this order, judgment was entered in the supreme court on the 16th of February, 1866, and on the 20th February a writ of error, which had been duly allowed, to this Court, was lodged, together with the proper bond and all other papers in due form to stay proceedings, in the clerk's office of the supreme court of New York. On the 28th of February, 1866, the attorney for the plaintiffs below directed execution to issue upon the judgment to prevent which the present motion for supersedeas was made.
The reader will remember, of course, that the Judiciary Act of 1789, by its 25th section, gives a right of reexamination by this Court of the judgments of state courts when "a final judgment or decree in any suit, in the highest court of law or equity in a state," involves certain questions and the decision on them is given in a particular way, and will recall further that by its 23d section, a writ of error is a supersedeas only where the writ is served by a copy thereof being lodged for the adverse party in the clerk's office, where the record remains, within ten days, Sundays exclusive, after rendering the judgment or passing the decree complained of, "until the expiration of which term of ten days," says the section, "executions shall not issue."
Mr. J. B. Gale, against the motion: A party's right to bring a state court judgment here depends upon the 25th section of the Judiciary Act; and that authorizes a review only of a judgment in the highest court of a state in which a decision could be had.