Congdon v. Goodman and Bledsoe - 67 U.S. 574 (1862)
U.S. Supreme Court
Congdon v. Goodman and Bledsoe, 67 U.S. 2 Black 574 574 (1862)
Congdon v. Goodman and Bledsoe
67 U.S. (2 Black) 574
ERROR TO THE SUPREME
COURT OF TENNESSEE
A controversy in which no right is claimed under the Constitution or laws of the United States, but which turns entirely upon the validity or interpretation of state laws, is exclusively within the jurisdiction of the state court, and this Court has no appellate power over its judgment.
The defendants in error in this cause were the Common School Commissioners of the Eighth Civil District of Polk County, Tennessee, who in that character filed their bill on the 13th of February, 1856, in the Chancery Court at Benton, to impeach and set aside a lease for ninety-nine years, made by their predecessors, of the common school section of land in that district, and a sale made of the same land under an order of the circuit court of the county. The validity of the sale and lease was impeached and maintained upon the authority of state laws. The chancery court dismissed the bill. On appeal to the Supreme Court of Tennessee, the decree was reversed and the case remanded for final proceedings. Defendants below thereupon sued out their writ of error in the Supreme Court of the United States.
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE TANEY.
This writ of error is directed to
the Supreme Court of Tennessee, and is brought to revise a decree of that court which declared null and void a certain sale and lease of school lands in Polk County, under which sale and lease the plaintiffs in error claimed title to these lands.
The statement of the facts in the transcript will show that the validity of this sale and lease depended altogether upon the laws of the state and the proceedings of the state authorities. The plaintiffs in error do not claim under any laws of Congress or any authority exercised by the United States. On the contrary, they deny the authority of Congress to pass the act of 1843, which is the only act of Congress referred to, and claim that a lease for ninety-nine years, made by the school commissioners under a law of the state, was valid, and passed the title for the term, although in direct opposition to the provisions of the act of Congress. Such a controversy, where no right is claimed under the Constitution or laws of the United States, is exclusively within the jurisdiction of the state court, and this Court has no appellate power over its judgment. This writ must therefore be dismissed for want of jurisdiction.