SOUTH v. SOUTH CAROLINA - 474 U.S. 888 (1985)
U.S. Supreme Court
SOUTH v. SOUTH CAROLINA , 474 U.S. 888 (1985)
474 U.S. 888
Robert W. SOUTH
Supreme Court of the United States
October 7, 1985
On petition for writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court of South Carolina.
The petition for writ of certiorari is denied.
Justice MARSHALL, with whom Justice BRENNAN joins, dissenting.
Last June, this Court held it "constitutionally impermissible to rest a death sentence on a determination made by a sentencer who
has been led to believe that the responsibility for determining the appropriateness of the defendant's death rests elsewhere." Caldwell v. Mississippi, 472 U.S. 320, 328-329, 2639 ( 1985). In Caldwell, the prosecutor had urged the jury not to view its sentence recommendation as determining whether defendant would die because any death sentence would be reviewed by the State Supreme Court. "The argument was inaccurate, both because it was misleading as to the nature of the appellate court's review and because it depicted the jury's role in a way fundamentally at odds with the role that a capital sentencer must perform." Id., at 336.
Justice BLACKMUN would grant the petition for writ of certiorari, vacate the judgment and remand the case to the Supreme Court of South Carolina for further consideration in light of Caldwell v. Mississippi, 472 U.S. 320 (1985).
I believe the facts of this case similarly demand reversal. At petitioner's sentencing hearing, the prosecutor set the stage for the trial judge's instructions, noting:
" 'He will explain to you about the mitigating parts, things that the defense will say you should consider in imposing life imprisonment.
" 'And even behind all of that there are many safeguards built into this law. There are many many guidelines, safeguards for the defendant's benefit. And I have no problems with that. I agree with that. I want it that way.
" 'We are talking about the ultimate punishment. There are even safeguards that I can't tell you about because the law says I am not suppose [sic] to tell you about them, and I have no problems with that. I am glad it is that way.' " App. to Pet. for Cert. 12a ( emphasis supplied).
The jury returned a recommendation for death, and that sentence was accordingly imposed by the trial court. On appeal, the South Carolina Supreme Court deferred to the "wide discretion" of the trial judge " regarding the propriety of the argument", id., at 6a, and refused to disturb his ruling. Seven days later, this Court handed down its decision in Caldwell.
In Caldwell, the prosecutor's specificity as to the alleged safeguards allowed this Court to assess the degree to which his remarks might have led the jury to "shift its sense of responsibility to an appellate court." 472 U.S., at 330. Such an assessment is impossible here because the prosecutor's vague assurances invited jurors to speculate freely as to the extent to which they could share their duty of deciding whether petitioner should die. [474 U.S. 888 , 890]