Engleman v. Amos - 404 U.S. 23 (1971)
U.S. Supreme Court
Engleman v. Amos, 404 U.S. 23 (1971)
Engleman v. Amos
Decided November 9, 1971
404 U.S. 23
APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
A New Jersey regulation applicable to payments under the federally financed Aid to Families With Dependent Children program was challenged on income-calculation grounds and, since it authorized payments directly to vendors who provide gods or services to beneficiaries, on the ground that it conflicted with § 406 of the Social Security Act. The District Court upheld the challenges, enjoined enforcement of the regulation "insofar as it violates the federal statute," and ordered the State to "revise the regulation to conform to the federal statute."
Held: Section 406 does not prohibit a State from making vendor payments solely from nonreimbursable state funds.
333 F.Supp. 1109, affirmed as modified.
The motion of appellee Amos for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is granted.
A three-judge District Court has enjoined New Jersey officials from enforcing a state regulation applicable to payments under the federally financed program for Aid to Families With Dependent Children, Title IV of the Social Security Act of 135, 49 Stat. 62, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §§ 601-610.
The regulation in question, § 615 of the New Jersey Categorical Assistance Budget Manual, would deny AFDC benefits to the extent that a family's "total available adjusted income," calculated without deduction for the "income disregards" specified by § 402(a)(8) of the federal Act, 42 U.S.C. § 602(a)(8), exceeds a ceiling specified by the State. The regulation is
challenged on the grounds (1) that it is in conflict with § 402(a)(8), and (2) that it fails to provide that, in the calculation of earned family income which is to be compared with the § 615 ceiling, a stepfather's earnings are not to be taken into account unless they are "actually available" for the current use of the dependent child, 45 CFR § 233.20(a)(3)(ii). It was also suggested in the proceedings below that § 615.5 of the state regulation conflicts with § 406(b) of the federal Act, 42 U.S.C. § 606(b), when it authorizes payments directly to vendors who provide goods or services to beneficiaries.
The District Court upheld the challenge on all three grounds. Judgment was entered enjoining the enforcement of § 615 "insofar as it violates the federal statute" and ordering that New Jersey "revise the regulation to conform to the federal statute." The state officials appeal.
The appellants and also the United States, in its amicus curiae brief, appropriately point out that there is nothing in the federal statute that prohibits a State from making vendor payments so long as they are made from state funds without federal matching. The statute, § 406, merely does not provide for reimbursement to the State for payments of that kind. We agree with these observations by the appellants and the amicus, and thus disagree with the District Court's conclusion with respect to direct payments insofar as those payments are made entirely with state funds not reimbursable under § 406 of the federal Act. With this limitation in the application of its general language, the judgment of the District Court is affirmed.