Joseph v. Carter & Weeks Stevedoring Co. - 330 U.S. 422 (1947)
U.S. Supreme Court
Joseph v. Carter & Weeks Stevedoring Co., 330 U.S. 422 (1947)
Joseph v. Carter & Weeks Stevedoring Co.
Argued March 1, 1946
Reargued November 12, 1946
Decided March 10, 1947
330 U.S. 422
1. New York City levied an excise tax on the gross receipts of a stevedoring corporation engaged wholly within the territorial limits of the City in loading and unloading vessels moving in interstate and foreign commerce.
Held: such a tax is invalid, since it would burden interstate and foreign commerce in violation of the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. Pp. 330 U. S. 427, 330 U. S. 433-434.
2. Loading and unloading are essential parts of transportation itself. Therefore, stevedoring is essentially a part of interstate and foreign commerce, and cannot be separated therefrom for purposes of local taxation. Pp. 330 U. S. 427, 330 U. S. 433.
4. Western Live Stock v. Bureau of Revenue, 303 U. S. 250; Southern Pacific Co. v. Gallagher, 306 U. S. 167; McGoldrick v. Berwind-White Coal Mining Co., 309 U. S. 33; Department of Treasury v. Wood Preserving Corp., 313 U. S. 62, distinguished. Pp. 330 U. S. 430-433.
294 N.Y. 906, 908, 63 N.E.2d 112, affirmed.
The Comptroller of the City of New York determined that certain stevedoring companies were liable for taxes on their gross receipts under the general business tax laws of New York City. On review, the Comptroller's determinations were annulled by the Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division. 269 App.Div. 685, 54 N.Y.S.2d 380, 383. The New York Court of Appeals affirmed. 294 N.Y. 906, 908, 63 N.E.2d 112. This Court granted certiorari. 326 U.S. 713. Affirmed, p. 330 U. S. 434.