United States v. Randenbush
33 U.S. 288 (1834)

Annotate this Case

U.S. Supreme Court

United States v. Randenbush, 33 U.S. 8 Pet. 288 288 (1834)

United States v. Randenbush

33 U.S. (8 Pet.) 288

ON CERTIFICATE OF DIVISION OF OPINION OF THE JUDGES OF THE

CIRCUIT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA

Syllabus

The defendant was indicted in April, 1833, in the circuit court for the District of Pennsylvania, for passing a counterfeit note of the denomination of ten dollars purporting to be a note of the Bank of the United States with intent to defraud the bank, &c. He pleaded that the note described in the indictment had been heretofore given in evidence on the trial of the defendant upon a former indictment found against him for passing another counterfeit ten dollar note, upon which indictment he had been acquitted.

By the court:

"The offense for which the defendant was indicted, and to which indictment he pleaded the plea of a former acquittal, was entirely a distinct offense from that on which the verdict of acquittal was found. The plea does not show that he had ever been indicted for passing the same counterfeit bill, or that he had ever been put in jeopardy for the same offense. The matter pleaded is no bar to the indictment."

The defendant was indicted in April, 1833, in the Circuit Court for the District of Pennsylvania for passing a counterfeit note of the denomination of ten dollars, purporting to be a note issued by the Bank of the United States, with intent to defraud the bank, scienter, &c.

He interposed three several pleas to this indictment, in the second of which he avers that the note described in the indictment, &c., was heretofore given in evidence, with the facts and circumstances attending the said passing thereof on the trial of defendant upon a certain former indictment found against him for passing another ten dollar counterfeit note, to sustain that indictment, and that he was thereupon acquitted, &c.

To this plea the United States demurred, and the defendant joined in demurrer, but as the opinions of the judges were opposed as to the judgment to be given thereon, the case was certified for the opinion of this Court.

Page 33 U. S. 289

MR. CHIEF JUSTICE MARSHALL delivered the opinion of the Court.

The defendant was indicted in April, 1833, in the Circuit Court for the District of Pennsylvania for passing a counterfeit note of the denomination of ten dollars, purporting to be a note of the Bank of the United States, with intent to defraud the bank, &c.

He pleaded that the note described in the indictment had been heretofore given in evidence on the trial of the defendant upon a former indictment found against him for passing another counterfeit ten dollar note, upon which indictment he had been acquitted.

The United States demurred to this plea, and the defendant joined in demurrer.

The judges were opposed in opinion on the question whether the judgment on the demurrer should be entered in favor of the United States or of the prisoner, which division of

Page 33 U. S. 290

opinion is ordered to be certified to the Supreme Court of the United States.

The offense for which the defendant was indicted and to which indictment he pleaded the plea of a former acquittal was entirely a distinct offense from that on which the verdict of acquittal was found. The plea does not show that he had ever been indicted for passing the same counterfeit bill, or that he had ever been put in jeopardy for the same offense. We are therefore of opinion, that the matter pleaded is no bar to the indictment, and that the demurrer ought to be

Sustained. A certificate to this effect is to be given.

This cause came on to be heard on the transcript of the record from the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Pennsylvania and on the question and point on which the judges of the said circuit court were opposed in opinion, and which was certified to this Court for its opinion, agreeably to the act of Congress in such case made and provided, and was argued by counsel, on consideration whereof it is the opinion of this Court that judgment on the demurrer to the second plea pleaded by the defendant to the indictment filed against him ought to be rendered for the United States. Whereupon it is ordered and adjudged by this Court that it be certified to the said circuit court that judgment on the demurrer to the second plea pleaded by the defendant to the indictment filed against him ought to be rendered for the United States.

Official Supreme Court caselaw is only found in the print version of the United States Reports. Justia caselaw is provided for general informational purposes only, and may not reflect current legal developments, verdicts or settlements. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or information linked to from this site. Please check official sources.