Pinkerton v. United States - 328 U.S. 640 (1946)
U.S. Supreme Court
Pinkerton v. United States, 328 U.S. 640 (1946)
Pinkerton v. United States
Argued May 1, 1946
Decided June 10, 1946
328 U.S. 640
1. Where an indictment charges both a conspiracy to engage in a course of criminal conduct and a series of substantive offenses committed pursuant to the conspiracy, the substantive offenses are not merged into the conspiracy; and, upon conviction, the accused may be punished both for the conspiracy and for the substantive offenses. Braverman v. United States, 317 U. S. 49, distinguished. Pp. 328 U. S. 642-643.
2. The plea of double jeopardy is no defense to a conviction for both offenses. P. 328 U. S. 643.
3. It is not material that overt acts charged in the conspiracy count are also charged and proved as substantive offenses. P. 328 U. S. 644.
4. A party to a continuing conspiracy may be responsible for substantive offenses committed by a co-conspirator in furtherance of the conspiracy, even though he does not participate in the substantive offenses or have any knowledge of them. United States v. Sall, 116 F.2d 745, overruled. Pp. 328 U. S. 645-648.
151 F.2d 499, affirmed.
Petitioners were convicted of a conspiracy to violate the Internal Revenue Code and of several substantive violations of the Code, and were sentenced both for the conspiracy and for the substantive offenses. The Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed. 151 F.2d 499. This Court granted certiorari. 327 U.S. 772. Affirmed, p. 328 U. S. 648.