Spielman Motor Sales Co., Inc. v. Dodge - 295 U.S. 89 (1935)
U.S. Supreme Court
Spielman Motor Sales Co., Inc. v. Dodge, 295 U.S. 89 (1935)
Spielman Motor Sales Co., Inc. v. Dodge
Argued March 11, 1935
Decided April 29, 1935
295 U.S. 89
1. District attorneys in New York, though classed by statute as local officers, are part of the judicial system of the State, and, in enforcing
state laws of general application by criminal prosecution, perform a state function within their respective counties, and are officer of the State within the meaning of § 266, Jud.Code. P. 295 U. S. 92.
2. In the absence of a clear showing of necessity, a federal court of equity will not restrain the institution of a criminal prosecution in a state court upon the ground that the statute defining the offense violates the Federal Constitution, but will leave the party to set up the federal question in the state court and to his right of review in this Court. P. 295 U. S. 95.
3. Allegations that enforcement of a state regulation of one's business will cause irreparable damage and deprivation of "rights, liberties, properties, and immunities" are in themselves conclusions of law which will not sustain the jurisdiction of equity to enjoin a criminal prosecution for violation of the regulation. P. 295 U. S. 96.
The bill, to restrain prosecution under a state statute making it a misdemeanor to violate a "Code of Fair Competition in the Motor Vehicle Retailing Trade," alleged that the plaintiff had a large business in buying and selling such vehicles, but did not show that the single prosecution in contemplation would work serious interference with the business. Held insufficient.
4. Decree dismissing a bill on the merits affirmed on the ground that the allegations failed to state a case within the equity jurisdiction of the District Court. P. 295 U. S. 97.
8 F.Supp. 437 affirmed.
Appeal from a decree of the District Court of three judges dismissing the bill in a suit to enjoin a criminal prosecution under a state law.