Massachusetts State Grange v. Benton
272 U.S. 525 (1926)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Massachusetts State Grange v. Benton, 272 U.S. 525 (1926)

Massachusetts State Grange v. Benton

No. 296

Argued October 13, 1926

Decided November 23, 1926

272 U.S. 525

Syllabus

1. Semble that there is no inconsistency between the Daylight Saving Acts of Massachusetts and the Act of Congress of March 19, 1918, § 2, which fixes standard time with relation to the acts of federal officers and departments and the accrual and determination of rights and performance of acts by persons subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. P. 272 U. S. 527.

Page 272 U. S. 526

2. No injunction should issue from a federal court to retrain state officers from enforcing a state law unless in a case reasonably free from doubt and when necessary to prevent great and irreparable injury. P. 272 U. S. 527.

3. A court of the United States should not intervene between a state and a town of the state's creation to determine how far the town should share in the state's benevolence. P. 272 U. S. 528.

4. Distinction explained between want of "jurisdiction" in equity -- e.g., want of a fitting case for an injunction -- and want of jurisdiction, i.e., power, in the court. P. 272 U. S. 528.

10 F.2d 515 affirmed.

Appeal from a decision of the district court dismissing a bill brought by The Massachusetts State Grange, The Inhabitants of the Town of Hadley, the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, and others, to enjoin Jay R. Benton, Attorney General of Massachusetts, Frederick W. Cook, Secretary, Payson Smith, Commissioner of Education, et al., from performing official acts in execution of the Daylight Savings Acts of that state.

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