American Railway Express Co. v Daniel - 269 U.S. 40 (1925)
U.S. Supreme Court
American Railway Express Co. v Daniel, 269 U.S. 40 (1925)
American Railway Express Company v Daniel
Argued October 16, 1925
Decided October 26, 1925
269 U.S. 40
CERTIORARI TO THE SUPREME COURT
OF THE STATE OF GEORGIA
1. Where the tariff schedules of an express company governing interstate shipments offer a lower rate for goods below a specified value and a higher rate for goods more valuable, a stipulation in an express receipt fixing the lower value in consideration of the lower rate binds the shipper, although both his agent and the carriers, in making the shipment, were unaware of the fact that the value was higher, and the latter knew the former to be thus ignorant. P. 269 U. S. 41.
2. The sender is bound to know the relation established by the carrier's schedules between values and rates, and in an action to recover the value of the goods, it is error to exclude the schedules from evidence. P. 269 U. S. 42.
157 Ga. 731 reversed.
Certiorari to a judgment of the Supreme Court of Georgia affirming a recovery of damages for goods not delivered, in an action against an express company.
MR. JUSTICE HOLMES delivered the opinion of the Court.
This is a suit against the petitioning express company for the value of a parcel that was received by the Company for carriage, but was not delivered. The company admitted liability for fifty dollars, but alleged that it could not be held for more because the receipt that it gave fixed that sum as the value of the goods, and a higher value would have required the payment of a higher rate. Under the ruling of the court, a verdict was found against the petitioner for a hundred dollars, interest and costs, subject to questions of law reserved, and judgment on the verdict was affirmed by the supreme court of the state, without opinion, by an evenly divided court.
The goods were delivered by an agent, and, after conversation between him and the agent of the express company, the latter put fifty dollars into the receipt as the value, neither party having any clear knowledge, and the receipt later was handed to and bound the sender of the goods. Great Northern Ry. Co. v. O'Connor, 232 U. S. 508, 232 U. S. 514. The rate for carriage of property valued at more than fifty dollars was higher than that charged. The schedules filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission were offered to show the rates, but were excluded, and the judgment was affirmed, seemingly on the ground that the sending agent was not shown to have known that a lower valuation secured a lower rate, and that the carrier
knew that the agent was ignorant of the true value of the goods. No argument is made for the respondent, and it is plain that the judgment cannot be sustained. The carrier's knowledge of the agent's ignorance of the value was immaterial. It acted in good faith. The carrier's schedules should have been admitted, and bound both parties. Kansas City Southern Ry. Co. v. Carl, 227 U. S. 639, 227 U. S. 652-653; Southern Express Co. v. Byers, 240 U. S. 612, 240 U. S. 614; American Railway Express Co. v. Lindenburg, 260 U. S. 584. The sender is bound to know the relation established by them between values and rates. Galveston, Harrisburg & San Antonio Ry. Co. v. Woodbury, 254 U. S. 357, 254 U. S. 360; Western Union Telegraph Co. v. Esteve Brothers & Co., 256 U. S. 566.