Baltimore & Ohio R. Co. v. United States
261 U.S. 592 (1923)

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U.S. Supreme Court

Baltimore & Ohio R. Co. v. United States, 261 U.S. 592 (1923)

Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company v. United States

No. 305

Argued March 12, 1923

Decided April 9, 1923

261 U.S. 592

Syllabus

1. The Dent Act, c. 94, 40 Stat. 1272, was intended to remedy irregularities and informalities in the mode of entering into the agreements to which it relates; not to enlarge the authority of the agents by whom they were made. P. 261 U. S. 596.

2. The "implied agreement" contemplated by this act is not an agreement "implied in law," or quasi contract, but an agreement "implied in fact" founded on a meeting of minds inferred, as a fact, from conduct of the parties in the light of surrounding circumstances. P. 261 U. S. 597.

Page 261 U. S. 593

3. Findings of fact showing that the claimant railway company constructed temporary barracks for troops who were guarding its property as well as that of the government, and undertook this without any order from their commanding officer, but voluntarily and without mentioning compensation, apparently from its own desire to provide for the comfort of the troops -- held an insufficient basis for implying an agreement that the government would pay the cost of construction. P. 261 U. S. 599.

57 Ct.Clms. 140 affirmed.

Appeal from a judgment of the Court of Claims dismissing the petition, after a hearing upon the merits, in an action to recover compensation under the Dent Act.

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