Vitelli & Son v. United States - 250 U.S. 355 (1919)
U.S. Supreme Court
Vitelli & Son v. United States, 250 U.S. 355 (1919)
F. Vitelli & Son v. United States
Nos. 67, 68
Argued April 24, 1919
Decided June 9, 1919
250 U.S. 355
The Act of June 22, 1874, 18 Stat. 190, § 21, provides that, whenever duties have been liquidated and paid and the goods delivered, the entry and settlement shall, after one year from the time of entry, in the absence of fraud and of protest by the owner, etc., be final and conclusive upon all parties. Held that the purpose was to limit the right to reliquidate, in the interest of the citizen and the security of commercial transactions, and where the collector reliquidates on the ground of fraud, it cannot be presumed that his action was correct so as to cast the onus of disproving fraud upon the importer. P. 250 U. S. 357.
The fact that the importer, instead of awaiting suit by the United States, becomes the actor by paying under protest and appealing to the Board of General Appraisers does not require him to assume the burden of disproving the fraud. P. 250 U. S. 358.
The Court of Customs Appeals having erroneously assumed, in sustaining a reliquidation based on fraud, that the collector's action was presumptively correct, and cast the burden of disproving fraud upon the importers, held that the case must be remanded to be tried anew by the Board of General Appraisers, without inquiry by this Court into the adequacy of the evidence of fraud in the present record. P. 250 U. S. 359.
7 Cust.App.Rep. 243 reversed.
The case is stated in the opinion. For the decisions of the Board of General Appraisers, see G. A. 7418; 24 T.D. 75, and Abstracts Nos. 36340, 36544, 27 T.D. 162, 213.