International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky - 234 U.S. 589 (1914)
U.S. Supreme Court
International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky, 234 U.S. 589 (1914)
International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky
Argued April 24, 1914
Decided June 22, 1914
234 U.S. 589
ERROR TO THE COURT OF APPEALS
OF THE STATE OF KENTUCKY
Where the state court has denied a motion to quash the service of process on a foreign corporation, and has also held that the statute on which the action is based is not unconstitutional, both the question of validity of the service and that of the constitutionality of the act are before this Court for review.
International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky, ante, p. 234 U. S. 579, followed to effect that the plaintiff in error was doing business in the state in which process was served.
International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky, ante, p. 234 U. S. 216, followed to the effect that the provision of the antitrust statute of Kentucky
under which this suit was brought is unconstitutional under the due process provision of the Fourteenth Amendment.
149 Ky. 41 reversed.
The facts, which involve the sufficiency of service of process upon a foreign corporation doing business in the Kentucky and also the constitutionality of the antitrust act of Kentucky, are stated in the opinion.
MR. JUSTICE DAY delivered the opinion of the Court.
A penal action was instituted by the defendant in error against the plaintiff in error in the Boyle Circuit Court of Kentucky under the antitrust laws of that state. Summons having been served upon an alleged agent of the plaintiff in error, it filed a motion to quash the return for the reason, as alleged, that the person upon whom service had been made was not the authorized agent of the plaintiff in error, and that it was not doing business in Kentucky. The facts in this case, which are identical with those set out in the previous case (International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky, just decided, ante, p. 234 U. S. 579), show that the plaintiff in error had, prior to the commencement of this action, revoked the authority of an agent designated by it in compliance
with the laws of Kentucky, and had removed its office from the state, but that it had continued through its agents, the party served in this case being one of them, to solicit orders to be accepted outside of the state for the sale of machines which were to be delivered in Kentucky, and that its agents were authorized to receive money, checks, and drafts in payment therefor, or take the notes of purchasers, payable at any bank in Kentucky.
There are two questions in this case. The Court of Appeals, deciding that this case was governed by the previous case from Breckenridge County (147 Ky. 655), held that the service was good and that the antitrust act was not unconstitutional and violative of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. 149 Ky. 41. Since the federal question involving the validity of the antitrust act was considered and decided adversely in the Court of Appeals, it, as well as the question of due service, is properly before us. Miedreich v. Lauenstein, 232 U. S. 236, 232 U. S. 243, and cases there cited.
As we have just dealt with the sufficiency of service in the previous case, involving the same question, it may be disposed of here by merely referring to that decision. And as the constitutional validity of the antitrust act was specifically determined in cases Nos. 276, 291, and 292, entitled International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky, decided June 8, 1914, ante, p. 234 U. S. 216, that question is also concluded.
We therefore reach the conclusion that the plaintiff in error was doing business in Kentucky and that the service was sufficient, but that the law under which the action was brought is unconstitutional, and that the judgment of the Court of Appeals must be reversed, and accordingly remand the case to that court for further proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion.