United States v. Bennett
232 U.S. 308 (1914)

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U.S. Supreme Court

United States v. Bennett , 232 U.S. 308 (1914)

United States v. Bennett (No. 2)

No. 630

Argued January 6, 7, 1914

Decided February 24, 1914

232 U.S. 308

CERTIFICATE FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS

FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT

Syllabus

United States v. Goelet, ante, p. 232 U. S. 293, followed to effect that the tax imposed by § 37 of the Tariff Act of 1909 does not apply to the use of a foreign-built yacht owned by a citizen of the United States who

Page 232 U. S. 309

was permanently resident and domiciled in a foreign country for more than one year prior to September 1, 1909, and to the levy of such tax.

The facts are stated in the opinion.

MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the court.

The certificate discloses that this case involves the right of the United States to recover an excise duty levied under § 37 of the Tariff Act of 1909 which became due on the first of September, 1910, on the same yacht which was the subject of the duty becoming due in 1909, and which we have passed upon in the case just decided. All the statements as to the complaint and answer, the submission of the case by stipulation to the court without a jury, the judgment rejecting the claim of the United States, and the prosecution of error from the court below, are in substance like those stated in the case concerning the tax for 1910 between the United States and Goelet, this day decided. As the result of this situation, the certificate recites, differing in that respect from the Bennett case just previously decided, the trial court made the following finding: "Defendant is a citizen of the United States, and for some years past has been domiciled in and resident of the Republic of France."

Conformably to this finding, the second question propounded by the court below in this case asks whether the act applies where the owner of the yacht, although a citizen, was permanently domiciled and residing in a foreign country for more than two years prior to September

Page 232 U. S. 310

1, 1910, and to the levy of such tax. As for the reasons stated in the Goelet case, such question was answered in the negative, it follows that a like reply must be made here, and therefore there is no need of replying to any of the other questions. In deciding the previous case between the same parties, we made a reservation concerning the power of the court below to deal with the former case in the future, because of the fact that the findings in this case are absolutely in conflict with the state of things exhibited in the previous Bennett case. Our order will be, second question answered in the negative, and the other questions not answered.

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