Pennell v. Philadelphia & Reading Ry. Co. - 231 U.S. 675 (1914)
U.S. Supreme Court
Pennell v. Philadelphia & Reading Ry. Co., 231 U.S. 675 (1914)
Pennell v. Philadelphia & Reading Railway Company
Argued December 3, 1913
Decided January 5, 1914
231 U.S. 675
Quaere, and not decided on this record, whether the purpose of the Safety Appliance Act is to protect all employees of every class and the mere absence of an automatic coupler is enough for liability if accident and injury result to an employee.
Under the Safety Appliance Act of March 2, 1893, c.196, 27 Stat. 531, as amended March 2, 1903, c. 976, 32 Stat. 943, automatic couplers are not required between the locomotive and the tender. While a custom of railroads cannot justify a violation of a mandatory statute, a custom which has the sanction of the Interstate Commerce Commission is persuasive of the meaning of that statute.
203 F. 681 affirmed.
The facts, which involve the construction of the Safety Appliance Acts and their application to tenders of locomotives, are stated in the opinion.