ICC v. Goodrich Transit Co. - 224 U.S. 194 (1912)
U.S. Supreme Court
ICC v. Goodrich Transit Co., 224 U.S. 194 (1912)
Interstate Commerce Commission
v. Goodrich Transit Company
Argued February 20, 21, 1912
Decided April 1, 1912
224 U.S. 194
Conclusions and argumentative deductions set forth in the bill as to effect of orders of a governmental body upon complainant are not to be regarded under the rules of pleading as allegations of fact and admitted. United States v. Ames, 99 U. S. 35.
Carriers partly by railroad and partly by water under a common arrangement for a continuous carriage are as specifically within the term of the Interstate Commerce Act of June 29, 1906, 34 Stat. 584, c. 3591, as any other carrier named therein.
Such carriers arc subject to the provisions of the act authorizing the Commission to require a system of accounting.
Such carriers, while engaged in carrying on traffic under joint rates with railroads filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission, are bound to deal upon like terms with all shippers availing of the rates, and are generally subject to the Interstate Commerce Act.
Section 20 of the Interstate Commerce Act gives the Commission ample authority to require accounts to be kept by carriers in the manner prescribed by the Commission.
A statute requiring a carrier doing both interstate and intrastate business to render accounts of all of its business is not beyond the power of Congress as a regulation of intrastate commerce.
Carriers partly by land and partly by water may be required to keep accounts of all their traffic, both interstate and intrastate, under the provisions of § 20 of the Act of June 29, 1906.
Congress may not delegate its purely legislative power, but, having laid down general rules of action under which a commission may proceed,
it may require that commission to apply such rules to particular situations.
The provision of § 20 of the Act of June 29, 1906, authorizing the Interstate Commerce Commission to require accounts to be kept in a specified manner by interstate carriers are not an unconstitutional delegation of legislative power.
Under § 20 of the Act of June 29, 1906, the Interstate Commerce Commission is to be fully informed of all business conducted by a carrier of interstate traffic, and this includes all operations of such carrier, whether strictly transportation or not; in this case, held to include amusement parks operated by a carrier of interstate commerce partly by land and partly by water.
190 F. 943 reversed.
The facts, which involve the constitutionality and construction of the provisions of the Interstate Commerce Act in regard to accounts to be kept by carriers partly by land and partly by water, are stated in the opinion.