Great Northern Railway Co. v. United States - 208 U.S. 452 (1908)
U.S. Supreme Court
Great Northern Railway Co. v. United States, 208 U.S. 452 (1908)
Great Northern Railway Company v. United States
Argued January 7, 1908
Decided February 24, 1908
208 U.S. 452
The provisions of § 13, Rev.Stat. that the repeal of any statute shall not have the effect to release or extinguish any penalty incurred under the statute repealed are to be treated as if incorporated in, and as a part of, subsequent enactment of Congress, and, under the general principle of construction requiring effect to be given to all parts of a law, that section must be enforced as forming part of such subsequent enactment except in those instance where, either by express declaration or necessary implication, such enforcement would nullify the legislative intent.
The Act of Congress of June 29, 1906, c. 359, 34 Stat. 584, known as the Hepburn Law, as construed in the light of § 13, Rev.Stat., as it must be construed, did not repeal the Act of February 19, 1903, c. 708, 32 Stat. 847, known as the Elkins Law, so as to deprive the government of the right to prosecute for violation of the Elkins Law committed prior to the enactment of the Hepburn Law, nor, when so construed, does the Hepburn Law, under the doctrine of inclusio unius exclusio alterius, exclude the right of the government to prosecute for past offense not then pending in the court because pending causes are enumerated in, and saved by, § 10 of the Hepburn Law.
In citing approvingly, as to the particular point involved in this case, cases recently decided in the lower federal courts, this Court expresses no opinion upon any other subject involved in such cases, and does not even indirectly leave room for any implication that any opinion has been expressed as to such other issues which may hereafter come before it for decision.
Although a ground for demurrer to indictment may be sufficiently broad to embrace a contention raised before this Court, if it appears that such contention was disclaimed and was not urged in the trial court and in the circuit court of appeals, and was not referred to in any of the opinions below or in the petition for certiorari or the brief in support thereof, this Court will, without intimating any opinion in regard to its merits, decline to consider it.
155 F. 945 affirmed.
The facts are stated in the opinion.