Beyer v. LeFevre - 186 U.S. 114 (1902)
U.S. Supreme Court
Beyer v. LeFevre, 186 U.S. 114 (1902)
Beyer v. LeFevre
Argued April 25, 28, 1902
Decided May 19, 1902
186 U.S. 114
The agreement of parties to submit questions to a jury, the trial there, and a stipulation for returning the testimony for consideration is a waiver of objection to jurisdiction.
When the trial court and the appellate court agree as to the facts established, this Court accepts their conclusion.
Under the facts in this case, the jury were not warranted in finding that the execution of the will was procured by fraud or undue influence.
It is the rule of the federal courts that the will of a person found to be possessed of sound mind and memory is not to be set aside on evidence tending to show only a possibility or suspicion of undue influence.
This was a bill filed in the Supreme Court of this District on April 7, 1899, to set aside the following will:
"In the name of God, Amen."
"I, Mary Beyer, of the City and County of Washington and District of Columbia, being now of sound and disposing mind, do make, ordain, publish and declare this to be my last will and testament: that is to say, first, after all my lawful debts are paid and discharged, the residue of my estate, real and personal, I give, devise, bequeath, and dispose of as follows: to-wit all the furniture and personal effects now in the home, number 2258 Brightwood Avenue I desire to remain there during the life of my husband Louis Beyer or so long as it remains the family home, and in the event of the house not being retained as a family home, then the furniture and all other personal effects belonging to me are to go to and belong to my nephew and adopted son, born Charles Lewis Smith but adopted by me at birth and thereafter always called Louis Beyer, Junior."
"To my sister Elizabeth Kersinski Maus of Philadelphia, Pa., I leave five dollars."
"To my sister Caroline Kersinski Lefyre of Brookland, D.C. I leave five dollars. "
"To my niece Helen J. Fenton of Washington, D.C. I leave five dollars."
"All the rest and residue of my estate, real, personal and mixed, of which I may die seized and possessed, whatsoever and wheresoever, of what kind, nature and quality soever the same may be, and not hereinabove given or disposed of, I hereby give, devise, and bequeath, unto my nephew and adopted son, Louis Beyer, Junior, and Helen B. Johnson, my niece, in equal shares, as tenants in common and not as joint tenants, their heirs and assigns, absolutely and forever."
"Having full faith and confidence in the honesty, integrity, and affection of my said adopted son and of my said niece, I leave them all the property stated herein, knowing that they will provide a home and home comforts for Louis Beyer, Senior, during his natural life, but this is not to be construed to mean that said Louis Beyer, Junior, and Helen B. Johnson are to be restricted from disposing of any or all of the property if their judgment so dictates, but in the event of disposing of all the property before the death of Louis Beyer, Senior, they are to always maintain a home and home comforts for my beloved husband, Louis Beyer, Senior."
"Likewise I make, constitute, and appoint my adopted son, born Charles Lewis Smith but always known as Louis Beyer, Junior, to be executor of this my last will and testament, hereby revoking all former wills made by me, and I request that he be not required to give bond as such executor."
"In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, subscribed my name, and affixed my seal this fourteenth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-six in my home at Washington, D.C."
"Mary Beyer [Seal]"
"The above-written instrument was subscribed by the said Mary Beyer in our presence and acknowledged by her to each of us, and she at the same time published and declared the above instrument so subscribed to be her last will and testament, and we at the testator's request and in her presence and in the presence of each other have signed our names as witnesses
hereto and written opposite our names our respective places of residence."
"P. J. Brennan"
"1418 F St. N.W. Washington, D.C."
"Wade H. Atkinson"
"707 12th St. N.W. Washington, D.C."
"Thomas C. Smith"
"1133 12th St. N.W. Washington, D.C."
The parties named as defendants were Louis Beyer, the husband of the testatrix; Louis Beyer, Junior, a nephew; Helen B. Johnson, a niece; Louis Beyer, Junior, as executor, and Meyer Cohen and Adolph G. Wolf, trustees in a deed of trust executed by the husband of the testatrix on May 13, 1897. The ground of attack was the alleged mental incapacity of the testatrix and undue influence on the part of Louis Beyer, Junior, and Helen B. Johnson. The personal property belonging to the testatrix was of little value, but she owned certain real estate, subject to a trust deed, which in the bill was alleged to be of the value of $25,000 over and above the encumbrance. Louis Beyer, Junior, and Helen B. Johnson, answering separately, denied metal unsoundness and undue influence; alleged that the will was duly executed, and challenged the jurisdiction of the court, sitting as a court of equity, to entertain the bill. The trustees pleaded that the bill stated nothing entitling the complainant to relief in equity, and averred that their deed of trust was a valid lien. Louis Beyer demurred generally. On June 20, the court having made no ruling upon the question of jurisdiction, the parties signed this stipulation:
"It is hereby stipulated by and between the parties to this cause this 20th day of June, 1899, that the court may make an order certifying certain issues, to be named in said order, to be tried by a jury of the circuit court, and that the findings by said jury upon said issues shall be returned to this Court; whereupon a decree shall be entered in accordance with said findings, all rights of appeal as in cases of issues from the orphans' court being hereby reserved."
And thereupon the court made this order:
"Ordered by the court this 20th day of June, 1899 (the parties to this cause consenting hereto), that the following issues to be tried by a jury be, and they hereby are, certified to the circuit court, to-wit:"
"First. Was the said Mary Beyer, at the time of the alleged execution of the paper writing bearing date the 14th day of July, A.D. 1896, and purporting to be her last will and testament, of sound and disposing mind, memory, and understanding, and capable of executing a valid deed or contract?"
"Second. Was the execution of the said paper writing bearing date the 14th day of July, 1896, and purporting to be the last will and testament of the said Mary Beyer, procured by fraud, circumvention, or undue influence practiced or exercised upon the said Mary Beyer by Louis Beyer, Jr., Helen B. Johnson, or by either of them or by any other person?"
"Third. Were the contents of the paper writing bearing date July 14th, 1896, and purporting to be the last will and testament of said Mary Beyer, known to her at the time of the alleged execution thereof?"
This order was assented to by all the parties. In pursuance thereof, the case came on for trial before Mr. Justice Cole and a jury, and the jury, after hearing the testimony and the instructions of the court, answered each of the questions in the affirmative. A motion for a new trial was overruled by the presiding judge. A stipulation was entered into by the parties that the full report of the testimony and proceedings had before Mr. Justice Cole and the jury should be produced, read, and heard by the equity court as a part of the record on the hearing in that court and in the appellate court to which the cause might be carried by either or any of the parties. Thereupon, a full report of the proceedings was presented to Mr. Justice Barnard, holding the equity court, who, on May 14, 1900, filed an opinion sustaining the verdict of the jury and directing a decree in accordance with the prayers of the bill. From that decree, Louis Beyer, Louis Beyer, Junior, and Helen B. Johnson appealed to the Court of Appeals. On December 6, 1900, the Court of Appeals affirmed the decree. From that decree, Louis Beyer, a severance being had, appealed to this Court.