United States v. Texas
162 U.S. 1 (1896)

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U.S. Supreme Court

United States v. Texas, 162 U.S. 1 (1896)

United States v. Texas, 162 U.S. 1 (1896)

No. 8, Original

Argued October 23-25, 1896

Decided March 16, 1896

162 U.S. 1

ORIGINAL

Syllabus

The treaty between the United States and Spain, made in 1819, and ratified in 1821, provided

"the boundary line between the two countries west of the Mississippi shall begin on the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the River Sabine in the sea, continuing north, along the western bank of the river to the 32d degree of latitude; thence, by a line due north, to the degree of latitude where it strikes the Rio Roxo of Natchitoches, or Red River; then following the course of the Rio Roxo westward to the degree of longitude 100 west from London and 23 from Washington; then, crossing the said Red River and running thence, by a line due north to the River Arkansas; thence, following the course of the southern bank of the Arkansas, to its source, in latitude 42 north, and thence, by that parallel of latitude, to the South Sea. The whole being as laid down in Melish's map of the United States, published at Philadelphia, improved to the first of January, 1818."

Held:

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