United States v. Hutchins - 151 U.S. 542 (1894)
U.S. Supreme Court
United States v. Hutchins, 151 U.S. 542 (1894)
Submitted January 8, 1894
Decided February 6, 1894
151 U.S. 542
A naval officer, traveling under orders from San Francisco to New fork by way of the Isthmus of Panama, is to be considered, under the statutes applicable to the case, as traveling under orders in the United States, and as entitled to eight cents per mile, measured by the nearest traveled route.
This was a petition for mileage from the Navy Yard at Mare Island, in the harbor of San Francisco, to New York.
The Court of Claims found the following to be the facts:
(1) The claimant is an officer in the Navy, to-wit, a lieutenant commander. He was serving as such on the 22d day of May, 1890, when he was ordered to proceed by steamer from San Francisco to New York, via the Isthmus of Panama, in charge of a detachment of men.
(2) He did so proceed from San Francisco to New York, a distance of 6,186 statute miles, and paid his own transportation and expenses, which were afterwards refunded to him, in the sum of ninety-seven dollars ($97), but he was not allowed or paid anything on account of mileage.
(3) The distance from San Francisco to New York by the shortest usually traveled route is 3,266 miles.
Upon the foregoing facts, the court held as matter of law that claimant was entitled to recover mileage at the rate of eight cents a mile for 3,266 miles, deducting therefrom the sum of $97 paid to him for expenses, and a judgment was accordingly rendered in his favor for the sum of $162.28, and the United States appealed.