Hedden v. Richard
149 U.S. 346 (1893)

Annotate this Case

U.S. Supreme Court

Hedden v. Richard, 149 U.S. 346 (1893)

Hedden v. Richard

No. 208

Submitted April 24, 1893

Decided May 10, 1893

149 U.S. 346

Syllabus

The language of commerce, when used in laws imposing duties on importations of goods, and particularly when employed in the denomination of articles, must be construed according to the commercial understanding of the terms employed.

This rule is equally applicable where a term is confined in its meaning not merely to commerce, but to a particular trade, and in such case also the presumption is that the term was used in its trade signification.

In an action against a collector to recover an excess of duties paid under protest, the defendant is entitled to show that words employed in a tariff act have a special commercial meaning in the trade, and to have it submitted to the jury whether the imported goods in question came within them.

The case is stated in the opinion.

Official Supreme Court case law is only found in the print version of the United States Reports. Justia case law is provided for general informational purposes only, and may not reflect current legal developments, verdicts or settlements. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or information linked to from this site. Please check official sources.