Mason v. United States - 136 U.S. 581 (1890)
U.S. Supreme Court
Mason v. United States, 136 U.S. 581 (1890)
Mason v. United States
Submitted May 5, 1890
Decided May 19, 1890
136 U.S. 581
A postmaster and the sureties on his official bond being sued jointly for a breach of the bond, he and a part of the sureties appeared and defended; the suit was abated as to one of the sureties who had died, and the other sureties made default, and judgment of default was entered against them.
On the trial, a verdict was returned for the plaintiff, whereupon judgment was entered against the principal and all the sureties for the amount of the verdict. The sureties who had appeared sued out a writ of error to this judgment without joining the principal or the sureties who had made default. The plaintiff in error moved to amend the writ of error by adding the omitted parties as plaintiffs in error or for a severance of those parties. Held that the motion must be denied.
This was an action against the postmaster of Chicago and the sureties upon his official bond, the alleged breach being that he had not accounted to the United States for large sums of money received by him from the sale of postage stamps and other sources connected with the postal service. The principal defense was that the moneys had been deposited in a bank which had failed, and which was a designated depositary of public moneys. The process was against the postmaster and seven of the sureties jointly. Two of the sureties died before
trial, and the suit was abated as to them. Two appeared, and, together with the postmaster, went to trial in defense. The default of the remaining three sureties was taken before proceeding to trial. The jury assessed the damages at $116,559.14, and judgment was entered therein against all the remaining parties impleaded, (the postmaster and five sureties), "and that the United States have execution thereof." To this judgment two of the sureties sued out a writ of error, without joining the other parties or summons and severance.
The case was reached on the docket on the 19th of March, 1890. The counsel for plaintiffs in error commenced the opening of the case, but the court, upon examination of the record, declined to hear further argument for the present, and ordered the case to be passed.
On the 5th of May, 1890, the counsel for the plaintiffs in error made the following motion:
"And now comes Carlisle Mason John Alston, John McArthur, James Steele, Thomas S. bobbins and Solomon McKichan, who, jointly, and severally, move for leave to amend the writ of error by inserting therein their names, they being all of the defendants in the judgment rendered by the
Circuit Court for the Northern District of Illinois on the 16th day of July, 1886, and also by a similar amendment to the citation and bond;"
"And that the said John McArthur may be allowed to join in the errors assigned by the said Carlisle Mason and John Alston;"
"Or, in case said application cannot be allowed, that an order and judgment of severance be entered so that the judgment rendered in the court below against said John McArthur, James Steele, Thomas S. Dobbins, and Solomon McKichan may be allowed to stand, and the said Carlisle Mason and John Alston permitted to prosecute the writ of error and their assignments made upon the record herein."
"Or that such other and further order may be entered as may be consistent with the rules and practice of this Court in order to permit a review of the rulings and decisions of the court below."
"W. C. GAUDY"
"Attorney for the above-named persons"
The following papers were filed with this motion:
"The undersigned, John McArthur, James Steele, Thomas S. Dobbins and Solomon McKichan, against whom, with Carlisle Mason and John Alston, a judgment was rendered by the circuit court of the United States on the fourteenth day of July, 1886, in favor of the United States of America, for three hundred thousand dollars debt, to be satisfied upon making the sum of $108,648.50 damages, together with costs, and from which judgment a writ of error was prosecuted and is now pending in the Supreme Court of the United States."
"Do hereby enter our appearance in the Supreme Court of the United States and consent to an amendment of the writ of error in any way which said court may see proper to allow, and also, if permitted by the court, join in the assignments of error, and, in case that shall not be allowed, consent to a judgment of severance so that the said writ of error may be prosecuted by our co-defendants in said judgment, Carlisle Mason and John Alston, and to any further order that may be necessary
to enable the plaintiffs in error to prosecute said suit in said Supreme Court."
"THOMAS S. DOBBINS"
"By his attorney,"
"WILLIAM C. GOUDY"
"SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, OCTOBER TERM, 1889"
"Carlisle Mason and John Alston"
"Plaintiffs in Error"
"v. No. 214."
"The United States"
"In error to the Circuit Court of the United States for the Northern District of Illinois."
"Wm. C. Goudy, being sworn, says that he represented John McArthur, Carlisle Mason, John Alston, James Steele and Thomas S. Dobbins, in the Circuit Court of the United States for the Northern District of Illinois in this suit commenced by the United States against them and others, from about the first of January, 1878, in connection with John W. Ela until sometime in the year 1885, when this deponent assumed the sole defense for said persons, the said John W. Ela becoming unable to attend to the business at that time because of sickness."
"That the deponent represented all of said persons on the trial in 1886, which resulted in the judgment of July 14, 1886, and was authorized to take all such steps in their behalf as were necessary to bring the case to the Supreme Court of the United States for review. That he procured the writ of error which now appears in the record from the clerk of the Circuit Court of the United States for the Northern District of Illinois, supposing that the cause would be brought to this Court for review of the alleged errors in the court below, the same as if said writ of error had named all of the defendants in said judgment, and that if the same should be reversed, that it would be reversed as to all, that being the practice in
the State of Illinois, and that his attention was not called to the practice prevailing in the Supreme Court until the cause came on for argument. Deponent further says that he had authority to have used the names of John McArthur, John Alston, Carlisle Mason James Steele and Thomas S. bobbins in the prosecution of a writ of error, and that as he understands it, he had the right to use the name of Solomon McKichan in connection with the other defendants, according to the rules of law, but the deponent further says that he now perceives that said writ of error is defective in describing the suit as one between the United States of America, plaintiff, and Carlisle Mason John Alston and others, defendants, when the writ should have named all of the defendants in the judgment for the purpose of correctly describing the suit, and that the same error exists in the citation, and the suit should have been docketed in this Court in the names of all of the defendants in said judgment."
"The deponent further says that he has procured the signatures of John McArthur, James Steele and Solomon McKichan to a paper attached hereto entering their appearance and consent to such proceedings as may be necessary to enable the court to determine the errors assigned, and that he could have procured the personal signature of Thomas S. Dobbins, the remaining defendant, except for the reason of his absence from Chicago, his place of residence, in Colorado at some point which deponent has been unable to ascertain in time to procure the signature during the present term, and for that reason he has exercised the authority which he has as attorney by signing the name of said Thomas S. Dobbins to said paper. And deponent further says that he has been fully authorized to sign all the said names except that of Solomon McKichan, as attorney, without obtaining their consent at the present time, but that he preferred having them append their signatures in person to such consent and has done so as far as possible at the present time."
"WILLIAM C. GOUDY"
"Subscribed and sworn before me this 1st day of May, 1890."
"J. L. McKITTRICK"