United States v. Bell - 111 U.S. 477 (1884)
U.S. Supreme Court
United States v. Bell, 111 U.S. 477 (1884)
United States v. Bell
Submitted April 2, 1884
Decided April 21, 1884
111 U.S. 477
IN ERROR TO THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
A transcript from the books of the Treasury, certified to by the Fourth Auditor, showing the account of the Treasury Department with a paymaster of the Navy, accompanied by a certificate of the Secretary of the Treasury that the certifying officer was the Fourth Auditor at the time of the certificate, is competent evidence in a suit upon the paymaster's bond.
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WAITE delivered the opinion of the Court.
This was a suit upon the bond of a purser in the Navy, and at the trial a transcript from the books and proceedings of the Treasury Department was offered in evidence, authenticated in the following form:
"TREASURY DEPARTMENT, FOURTH AUDITOR'S OFFICE"
"WASHINGTON, D.C., Feb. 11, 1881"
"Pursuant to section 886 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, I, Charles Beardsley, Fourth Auditor of the Treasury Department, do hereby certify that the annexed is a transcript of the books and proceedings of the Treasury Department in account with Miles H. Morris, late paymaster in the United States Navy, under bond of April 9, 1858."
"CHARLES BEARDSLEY, Auditor"
"Be it remembered that Chas. Beardsley, Esq., who certified the annexed transcript, is now, and was at the time of doing so, Fourth Auditor of the Treasury of the United States, and that full faith and credit are due to his official attestations."
"In testimony whereof, I, John Sherman, Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, have hereunto subscribed my name and caused to be affixed the seal of this department at the City of Washington, this eleventh day of February in the year of our Lord 1881."
"[Seal of Department]"
"Secretary of the Treasury"
An objection to the admission of the evidence on the ground that the "transcript was not certified as required by law" was sustained by the court, and that is assigned for error here.
In our opinion, the certificate was sufficient. Sec. 886 of the Revised Statutes provides that
"When suit is brought in any case of delinquency of a revenue officer or other person accountable for public money, a transcript from the books and proceedings of the Treasury Department, certified by the register and authenticated under the seal of the department, or, when the suit involves the accounts of the War and Navy Departments, certified by the auditors respectively charged with the examination of those accounts and authenticated under the seal of the Treasury Department, shall be admitted as evidence, and the court trying the cause shall be authorized to grant judgment and award execution accordingly."
This suit involved the accounts of the Navy Department. The Fourth Auditor is charged by law with the duty of examining all accounts accruing in that department. Rev.Stat. sec. 277, subdivision fifth. He has certified under his hand that the paper offered in evidence "is a transcript of the books and proceedings of the Treasury Department in account with" the purser whose bond is in suit, and the Secretary of the Treasury has certified, under the seal of the department to the official character of the auditor "and that full faith and credit are due to his official attestations." What more need be done to authenticate the transcript under the seal of the
department we are at a loss to determine. The certificate of the proper auditor is attached, and his certificate attested by the Secretary of the Treasury under the seal of the department. The form of the certificates and the mode of affixing the seal correspond exactly with what appears in Smith v. United States, 5 Pet. 292, where it was held more than half a century ago that the seal affixed in this way was sufficient for the purposes of evidence under a statute of which sec. 886 is a reenactment. The transcript is certified by the auditor and authenticated under the seal of the Treasury Department, affixed by the Secretary, its lawful custodian.
The judgment is reversed and the cause remanded with instructions to set aside the verdict and grant a new trial.