Tupper v. Wise - 110 U.S. 398 (1884)
U.S. Supreme Court
Tupper v. Wise, 110 U.S. 398 (1884)
Tupper v. Wise
Submitted January 28, 1884
Decided February 4, 1884
110 U.S. 398
IN ERROR TO THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR THE DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
Distinct judgments in favor of or against distinct parties, though in the same record, cannot be joined to give this Court jurisdiction.
Motion to dismiss, with which is united a motion to affirm.
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WAITE delivered the opinion of the Court.
This was a suit brought by Wise, the defendant in error, against the plaintiffs in error and others, to recover the possession of sec. 21, T. 3 N., R. 8 E., Mount Diablo base and meridian, containing 630 acres of land. Tupper answered, denying that he was in possession of any part of the section except the N.E. 1/4, and to that he set up a preemption claim and settlement. Lenfesty made the same answer and claim as to the S.E. 1/4. There was no joint ownership or joint possession. Each defendant claimed a separate and distinct interest in a separate and distinct part of the land. The jury found that the
"defendants were each severally in the wrongful possession of the lands respectively described in their several answers, and no others, and that the value of the rents and profits of the land so held and possessed by defendant Tupper is one hundred dollars, of the land so held and possessed by defendant Lenfesty one hundred dollars, and that the value of each one of said tracts of 160 acres is three thousand dollars, and of the two of them six thousand dollars."
Judgment was thereupon rendered against Tupper for the possession of his tract and $100 damages, and against Lenfesty in the same way. Tupper and Lenfesty then sued out this writ of error, which Wise moves to dismiss, because the claims of the several plaintiffs in error are separate and distinct, and the value of the matter in dispute with either of them does not exceed $5,000.
This motion is granted. The rule is well settled that distinct judgments in favor or against district parties, though in the same record, cannot be joined to give this Court jurisdiction. The whole subject was fully considered at the last term in Ex Parte Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company, 106 U. S. 5; Farmers' Loan & Trust Company v. Waterman, 106 U. S. 265; Adams v. Crittenden, 106 U. S. 576; Schwed v. Smith, 106 U. S. 188. The stipulation as to the value of the property which is found in the record cannot alter the case, for it states that the aggregate value of
the two quarter sections exceeds $5,100, and the verdict fixes the value of each quarter at $3,000.