The Scotland
105 U.S. 24 (1881)

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U.S. Supreme Court

The Scotland, 105 U.S. 24 (1881)

The Scotland

105 U.S. 24


1. The Act of March 3, 1851, c. 43, reproduced in the Revised Statutes in secs. 4282 &c., applies to owners of foreign as well as domestic vessels, and to acts done on the high seas as well as in waters of the United States,

except when a collision occurs between two vessels of the same foreign nation, or perhaps of two foreign nations having the same maritime law.

2. The maritime law of the United States, as found in the statute, is the same as the general maritime law of Europe, and is different from that of Great Britain in this, that the former gauges the liability by the value of the ship and freight after loss or injury, and the latter by their value before the loss or injury, not exceeding

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